[86] As the largest canal built in France since Philippe's grandfather Henri IV built the Canal de Briare in 1604, its construction was considered an engineering feat. After his baptism, Philippe was put in the care of Françoise de Souvré, marquise de Lansac, who also looked after his older brother, in 1643 succeeded by Marie-Catherine de Senecey. As the younger brother of the king, Philippe was addressed as le Petit Monsieur, since his uncle Gaston, who had also been the younger brother of a French king, was still alive. Este patrimonio lo convirtió en uno de los nobles más ricos del reino, lo que le permitió vivir con un fasto equivalente al de la Corte y convertirse en un gran mecenas. [48], In 1664, Henrietta gave birth at Fontainebleau to a son who was given the title Duke of Valois. [60] It required France to assist England in her aim to rejoin the Roman Catholic Church and England to assist France in her war of conquest against the Dutch Republic. [28], After Louis XIV's marriage to Maria Theresa of Spain on 9 June 1660, Queen Anne turned her attention to the marriage of Philippe. [42], Henrietta's flirting with the king started early in the summer of 1661 while the newlyweds were staying at the Palace of Fontainebleau for the summer. She was recommended by Anna Gonzaga, a confidante of Philippe's and wife of the bride's uncle, the Prince Palatine Edward. [74] Elizabeth Charlotte was praised as being a natural mother. [18] After Louis's recovery, Philippe was once again left to his own devices. [90] The two were married in 1697 and became the parents of Louis XV. Se casó dos veces. From 1679, he was granted the right to build the Canal d'Orléans, a large canal that connected the Loire River at Orléans to a junction with the Canal du Loing and the Canal de Briare in the village of Buges near Montargis. Saint Cloud remained with the Orléans family until 1785, when Philippe's great-grandson Louis Philippe d'Orléans sold it to Marie Antoinette, Philippe's great-granddaughter, for the sum of 6,000,000 livres.[81]. [91], In 1701, Chartres was denied a position on the front in the War of the Spanish Succession, which began that year. Fue pre­sun­to he­re­de­ro del trono (1643-1661) hasta que nació su so­brino el Gran Delfín. From 1646 on Philippe spend some of his childhood at the Hôtel de Villeroy / Cremerie de Paris, house of Nicolas V de Villeroy tutor of his brother Louis XIV. Para dirigirse a él cara a cara, se le llamaba también «Su Alteza» o bien, «Su Gracia». Later in 1658, Philippe made his most significant purchase, the Château de Saint-Cloud, a building about 10 kilometres west of Paris. Fue el segundo hijo de Luis XIII de Francia y Ana de Austria y Austria-Estiria, hermano menor de Luis XIV de Francia. Tras la muerte de su tío Gastón en 1660, Felipe se había convertido en duque de Orleans. Por nacimiento era «hijo de Francia», título de aquellos príncipes de nacimiento legítimo y que eran hijos del rey. [10] His godparents were his uncle Gaston and aunt Queen Henrietta Maria of England. Louis XIV sent him some 25,000 footsoldiers and 9,000 cavalry from Cambrai under the command of Marshal Luxembourg. In January 1670, Philippe's wife prevailed upon the King to imprison the chevalier, first near Lyon, then in the Mediterranean island-fortress of Château d'If. Su primer matrimonio, concertado por su hermano, Luis XIV, fue con su prima hermana la princesa británica Enriqueta Ana Estuardo, hija de su tía carnal Enriqueta María de Francia y su esposo el rey Carlos I de Inglaterra. Este matrimonio, el 31 de marzo de 1661, tuvo como objetivo estrechar los lazos entre ambos países y vincular a los Estuardo recién restaurados en el Trono de San Eduardo a la Monarquía francesa. The girl was baptised on 21 May 1662. Elizabeth Charlotte had grown up with her aunt Sophia of Hanover due to her parents' bad relationship. He had previously been encouraged to court his older cousin the Duchess of Montpensier, eldest daughter of Gaston and his first wife Marie de Bourbon. The latter had entered Philippe's life as captain of the chase and stayed in his household until Philippe's death. His older brother was the "Sun King", Louis XIV. Louis himself asked her if she wanted to fill "the vacant place",[67] but she politely declined the offer. The Third Anglo-Dutch War was a direct consequence of this treaty. "[99] The Duchess of Burgundy, his granddaughter, was distraught, avowing that she "had loved Monsieur very much. Louis XIII had wanted to give the infant the title Count of Artois in honour of a recent French victory in Arras within the county of Artois.
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